47집 발행일:2018.06
  • 프랑스 68운동의 혁명적 언술과 새로운 연극
  • Revolutionary Words of 68 Movement and New Theatre
  • 이성재
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목차

I. 서론
II. 오데옹 극장 점거와 혁명적 언술
III. 연극계의 자성과 새로운 연극의 등장
IV. 결론

초록

France experienced a major break around 1968. As this break has developed at all levels of politics, society and culture, the theater system has become the main criticism of the younger generations who led the 68 movement. In 1968, the French theater system had already been incorporated into the authoritative system. The politically left-wing directors changed their attitudes when they received financial support from the government. The criticism of government policy has disappeared and directors have treated the audience with an elite mind-set to show the high arts to the people. In that circumstance, the people began to avoid the theatre. The aura of the theater has disappeared, and the theater has also been transformed into a gigantic capital, a reigning power.
Due to these problems in the theater world, Odéon occupation took place in May 1968, and later the Villeurbanne Declaration, which is a kind of self-criticism of directors, was made. During the Avignon Festival, a denial of censorship and a free entrance movement occurred.
The theater of 1968 reflected the political and social landscape of France through street marches, barricades performance, and propaganda and instigation of labor realities. It also meant a change from traditional theatre to new theatre in the factory, a theatre that separated from the traditional organizational system, and a theatre as an active resistance. Artists such as André Benedetto, Gérard Gelas and Armand Gatti, and theater companies such as Théâtre de l’Aquarium and Théâtre du Soleil have emerged as influential producers in that time. They introduced equality, such as co-responsibility for theater productions, principles of majority rule, and role sharing. Especially in the case of Ariane Mnouchkine adopted the "waiting" method by which the actors themselves make the performances without any interference or with group life. They are true successors of the 68 movement.