43집 발행일:2017.06
  • 피에트로 베리와 계몽주의 여성관
  • Pietro Verri and the view of women in the Enlightenment age
  • 임동현
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목차

I. 머리말
II. 근대 유럽의 여성관
III. 피에트로 베리의 생애와 저술
IV. 『테레사를 위한 수기』
V. 맺음말

초록

This study analyses the 18th-century Italian Enlightenment philosopher Pietro Verri’s view of women. In 1776 Verri, who was 48 years old, married his niece, Maria Castiglioni, who was 23 years old, and she gave birth to their daughter, Teresa. He kept vast number of manuscripts not only on his family life with Maria, but also on the growth and education of Teresa. These manuscripts left by him are precious primary sources that tell us many things about his view of women and female education. Verri, on the one hand, applied to his daughter an innovative model of bringing of children proposed by the 18th-century European Enlightenment thinkers, including Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and, on the other hand, accepted their conservative view of women based upon the last centuries’ traditions. Verri affirmed the idea on physical and mental differences between men and women on the basis of biological determinism and accordingly maintained that men’s education had to be differentiated from women’s, limiting women’s activities to the domestic sphere. In conclusion, Verri’s view of women, exposed in his manuscripts, coincided with the ideas of almost all 18th-century European thinkers before the first feminist, Mary Wollstonecraft, refuted them.