47집 발행일:2018.06
  • 헝가리 테러하우스 박물관의 전시를 통해 본 역사정치 호르띠 집권시기의 테러, 1956년 반공혁명 전시를 중심으로
  • The politics of history as seen in the exhibits of the Hungary House of Terror Museum Horthy period terror, and the 1956 counterrevolution
  • 김지영
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목차

I. 서론
II. 박물관 건립에 따른 정치적 논란과 건립과정
III. 박물관 전시의 구성, 특징과 정치적 함의
IV. 결론

초록

The Terror House Museum was built as a space of historical memory for terror, torture and human rights abuses inflicted during the Fascist and socialist period. The events after the Soviet crushing of the Hungarian Uprising of 1956 receive particular focus. The House of Terror Museum was constructed with overt political aims. In the year 2000, at the dawn of a new millennium, Hungarian society was grappling with historical controversies. On the eve of an election, opposition party politicians, whose party was the successor to the former ruling-Communist Party, asked voters whether they preferred life under the previous communist regime, or whether life was better under the post-transition capitalism of the ruling party. Such a simplistic and mercantile campaign logic became the cause of major controversy during the election.
As a result, it dawned on many that there was a real need for ‘reflective history’ built upon genuine critical reflection on the past. The debate and controversy, and resulting reflections led to consensus on the need for a contemporary history museum – which became the House of Terror.
The museum deals with what is commonly termed the ‘dark age’ in Hungarian history – the fascist government during World War Two – and also the period of communist rule between 1949 and 1989. The main theme of the museum, however, is the ‘Hungarian Revolution’ that took place in Budapest on 23rd October 1956. It is the most important event in Hungary’s modern history, and was violently put down when the Soviet Red Army intervened and reimposed oppressive communist rule.
As Hungary left socialism behind in 1989 and transitioned to democracy, the acts of the previous communist regime were investigated, and communist tyranny revealed. To ensure that what was done is remembered and that communism will not return, the regime’s system of surveillance and terror was put on public display at the museum.
Thus, rather than a museum of heroic victory, one that seeks to look back and reflect on the past was needed. This allows the Hungarian people to encounter directly the facts of the mistakes and injustices perpetrated by their fellow countrymen and women in the past.