43집 발행일:2017.06
  • 전체주의의 식민주의적 기원 한나 아렌트와 C. L. R. 제임스
  • The Colonial Origins of Totalitarianism the Asymmetrical Comparison of Hannah Arendt and C. L. R. James
  • 하영준
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목차

I .서론 - 아렌트와 제임스의 비대칭적 비교
II. 신제국사의 등장과 아렌트의 부메랑 테제
III. 제임스의 반식민주의 투쟁과 전체주의 이론
IV. 맺음말 - 고통과 저항의 연대

초록

The study seeks to explore a postcolonial perspective of C. L. R. James on totalitarianism through Hannah Arendt's 'boomerang thesis'. In The Origins of Totalitarianism(1951), Arendt puts forward the ‘boomerang thesis’ firstly, suggesting that the roots of totalitarianism, especially Nazi violence and the Holocaust, lay in European colonialism. Arendt’s work has only recently come to scholarly attention, as some scholars revisit ‘colonial and imperial questions’ with the postcolonial and transnational paradigm: the Impact of and transformations caused by Atlantic slavery and colonialism in Europe itself. As early as Arendt, black radical intellectuals recognized the close relationships between the Nazi regime and European colonialism, and denounced the violent nature of Western modernity through them. Especially, Afro-Caribbean, heretical Marxist C. L. R James had linked anti-fascism with the struggles against imperialism and racism, through newspaper columns, political essays, book reviews, etc., from the fascist Italian invasion of Ethiopia in 1935. But his works have received almost no systematic attention. Thus a reading of James' works with Arendt's boomerang thesis provides new insights away from the western-centric approach to origins and characters of totalitarianism; it's attempts to control the whole society with oppression and violence, start out as a reaction against modern development of human autonomy.