43집 발행일:2017.06
  • ‘억척어멈’에서 부각된 30년 전쟁의 성격과 여성 이미지
  • 30-year War’s Character and Female Image being magnified as ‘Mother Courage’
  • 최선아
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목차

I. 머리말
II. 30년 전쟁: 브레히트의 세계대전에 대한 데자 뷔(deja vu)
III. ‘억척어멈’을 통해 본 여성 이미지
IV. 맺는 말

초록

With entering the 20th century, the door in a woman's social activity began to be opened. Even women were given a job of being recognized in society. Those women's ability related to job was emphasized. On top of this, what a woman's space of activity was limited to home was extended to the outside of home. Thus, a conflictual relationship emerged between vocational ability & achievement and femininity(Weiblichkeit), which is a woman's true character. Bertot Brecht(1898-1956) is addressing this issue in 『Mutter Courage und ihre Kinde r』.
Along with the 20th century, society changes into industrial society. Especially, even a woman's social activity comes to be more active after the war. Women who had only home as the space of activity before come to society outside home. Simultaneously with this, women meet with a new conflict of being created in two living spaces dubbed home and society.
As a woman steps foot on the masculine space called society, the previously unexpected problems take place. Considering what the sphere of social life is the traditionally masculine space, it will be all right even if seeing that these matters result from a collision between masculinity and femininity. These issues are difficulties that are not shown in men. Brecht expressed these several problems that women suffer through heroins in his work.
The heroin Mother Courage in 『Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder』 is a woman who proceeds with living in the 17th century, but makes a living with doing business of using the war in time of war, which is extremely a difficultsituation enough to survive as a freely & completely independent human. This implies that a woman of making social life has a special difficulty of needing to experience for a reason of being a woman, regardless of any period and any place. This study aims to pay attention to historical interpretation on the time background with the birth of a work and on the time background in a work, with escaping from a view of separately analyzing history and a literary work. This approach is expected to likely offer more various prisms to the interpretation of 'woman,'