47집 발행일:2018.06
  • 헤이그 중재법정체제와 미국의 대독 봉쇄전략, 1899-1914
  • Hague Arbitration Tribunal System and American Encirclement's Policy with Arbitration Treaty against Germany, 1899-1914
  • 최정수
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목차

I. 서론
II. 1899년 헤이그 평화회의와 중재법정안: 유럽식 중재법정 vs 미국식 중재법정
III. 미국과 독일의 국제법 인식 : ‘조약준수론’ vs ‘조약파기론’
IV. 중재재판조약체제와 독일의 고립 : 베네수엘라 위기(1903)와 사라예보 위기(1914)
V. 결론

초록

The purpose of this paper is to study for American containment policy against Germany between 1899-1914 by the treaty system of arbitration and to study arbitral tribune in the 1899 First Hague Peace Conference. The body of this paper consist of three parts. The part one is to clarify the reason why the U.S.A is to build of Arbitral Court of Hague. That is the object of U.S foreign policy is to translate the world into the Empire of Law, especially, to creat arbitration mechanism for international dispute.
The part two explains the thought of international law of United States of America compare with that of Imperial Germany's international law on the subject of Constitutional Principles and the Philosophy of building the nation-state. The part three is to research three subjects; first, T. Roosevelt's grand strategy and William Howard Taft's world policy compose of conceptions of law, such as international police, the Magna Carta of the world, arbitral court, arbitration treaty, world court etc. Secondly, T. Roosevelt's take the containment policy against German world policy(Weltpolitik) between 1903-1908. Lastly, Hague Tribunal System to try intervention of Sarajevo Crisis of 1914. In my conclusions as follows; First, There is the war of international law between USA and Germany in 1899-1914. Second, The grand strategy of US is the same as the building of the conceptions of law. Thirdly, The Hague System of arbitration effects on the balance of power during the age of imperialism. The balance of power of ‘USA vs the Others’ in 1899 transformed into the balance of power of ‘Germany vs the Others’ in 1908. The US containment policy by Hague System has been to keep up the outbreak the First World War in 1914. Lsatly, The conclusion of this paper is that U.S containment policy against Germany during 1899-1914 is the one of main factors to makes up Wilhelm Kaiser' mind to open war.